JAPAN ATOMIC INDUSTRIAL FORUM, INC.

for Japanese

ATOMS in JAPAN

25 December, 2019

ANRE Committee Clarifies Options for Treated Contaminated Water at Fukushima Daiichi NPPs, Viewing Both Offshore and Vapor Release Favorably

At a meeting on December 23, a governmental committee addressing the handling of treated contaminated water at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) presented its conclusions thus far. The committee is part of the Agency for Natural Resources & Energy (ANRE), which falls under Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI).

When contaminated water is purified by multi-nuclide removal equipment (the Advanced Liquid Processing System, or ALPS), the remaining water still contains tritium. So far, the water from Fukushima Daiichi has been stored continually in storage tanks.

With almost no more land available for the construction of more tanks, however, the committee has been considering what to do with the additional water once such tanks can no longer be used. Considerations include both technical and societal aspects, the latter referring to the pervasiveness of unfounded fears and rumors.

In its presentation at the recent meeting, the committee highlighted three scenarios for handling the treated contaminated water, for which there are precedents: offshore release, vapor release, and a combination of the two.

In all three cases, if the treated water stored in tanks were disposed of over a one-year period, radiation levels would be less than 1/1,000th the annual natural radiation level, based on an evaluation model from the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR).

Other disposal methods addressed by a taskforce of the committee were geosphere injection, hydrogen release, and underground burial. Each was deemed to pose issues as practical options in terms of such matters as technical feasibility, the need for new regulations and standards, and difficulties ensuring disposal sites.

The committee had earlier met sixteen times since November 2016, hearing from such parties as local producers and distributors, as well as risk communication experts. In August 2018, it held explanatory meetings and public hearings in Fukushima and Tokyo.

In the December 23 presentation, which took all those results into consideration, the committee showed several courses of action regarding ungrounded fears and rumors stemming from treated water disposal.

As for risk communication measures, it suggested promoting public understanding on tritium and providing information to the media.

In the commercial sphere, meanwhile, it said that efforts should be expanded—including assigning specialized retail sales staff and opening online stores—by referring to successful cases.

Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

SNS facebooktwitter

NPPs Map

Video

Voices from Nuclear Industry – Contributing to a clean and resilient recovery

3 September, 2020
Voices from Nuclear Industry – Contributing to a clean and resilient recovery03:59

Recent News

3 March, 2021
Challenged by Rubble, TEPCO Completes Removal of Spent Fuel Assemblies from Pool at Fukushima Daiichi-3 NPP
1 March, 2021
Japan Research Reactor No. 3 Resumes Operation
26 February, 2021
Marking the Tenth Anniversary of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident
25 February, 2021
Registration Opens for the 54th JAIF Annual Conference
24 February, 2021
FEPC Chairman Explains Response to Earthquake off Fukushima
17 February, 2021
Site for Spent Fuel Intermediate Storage Facility Outside Fukui Prefecture to Be Determined by End of 2023
5 January, 2021
New Year’s Greeting by JAIF Chairman Imai
10 December, 2020
Japan’s NRA Recognizes Compatibility of JNFL’s MOX Fuel Fabrication Plant with New Regulatory Standards, Approving Changes
3 December, 2020
MHI Launches New Strategy to Achieve Carbon Neutrality by 2050
26 November, 2020
JAIF Releases Results of Fact-finding Survey of Japanese Nuclear Industry for Fiscal 2019: Some Effects Seen of COVID-19
▲TOP