JAPAN ATOMIC INDUSTRIAL FORUM, INC.

for Japanese

ATOMS in JAPAN

7 June, 2017

White Paper on Energy Policy for FY16: Decommissioning of Fukushima Daiichi Proceeding Steadily

On June 2, the Agency for Natural Resources & Energy (ANRE), under the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), released the White Paper on Energy Policy for FY16, which was approved by the cabinet at a meeting held the same day.

The paper described recent circumstances and major energy measures in terms of three pillars: progress in Fukushima reconstruction, new developments in energy policy, and domestic and international energy system reforms and industry trends.

Under the first pillar of recent circumstances and energy measures—progress in Fukushima reconstruction—the paper began by positioning the giant March 2011 earthquake and the Fukushima Daiichi accident as a “turning point for Japan’s energy policy in its entirety.” It presented various issues regarding Japan’s natural resources and energy that came to light after the giant earthquake of March 11, 2011.

It then talked about measures for decommissioning and contaminated water at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plants in the six years since the earthquake, along with the reconstruction of Fukushima, damage compensation, and recent measures regarding reforms at the Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), the owner of the NPPs.

As for decommissioning activities, the paper stated its high appreciation, to a certain extent, the progress made so far in the “Mid-and-Long-Term Roadmap” toward decommissioning Fukushima Daiichi. It said that “although some delays have been seen, the decommissioning work has been proceeding steadily overall.”

Meanwhile, under the second pillar of recent circumstances and energy measures—namely, new developments in energy policy—the White Paper talked about such issues as trends in resource development toward ensuring a stable supply of energy for Japan, the current state of energy conservation, and policies on renewable energies toward achieving both economic growth and environmental protection.

Concerning the reform of the country’s electricity system, the paper introduced discussions by a subcommittee and working group under the Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy on identifying issues and establishing an appropriate system.

Regarding nuclear policy, the paper also pointed out the need to continually improve safety voluntarily—in contrast to a mere mechanical compliance with safety regulations—once the retail power market is fully deregulated, with the increased quest for economic efficiency in a competitive environment.

The paper then went on to mention discussions by a working group under the Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy on voluntary efforts and continuous improvements in nuclear safety. It said that all nuclear-related parties—including the regulatory body, nuclear operators, manufacturers and relevant ministries and agencies—should pursue safety improvements in their own capacities, advising each other on issues. It also proposed that they aim at a higher level of safety by building an “autonomous system for the continual improvement of nuclear safety.”

Considering nationwide changes in the business environment surrounding energy, the White Paper analyzed trends within energy industries in other countries, under the third pillar of recent circumstances and energy measures, namely, domestic and international energy system reforms and strengthening competitiveness of the energy industry.

The paper looked particularly at Europe, where market deregulation has moved further along than in Japan. It found that while competition and risks are increasing in individual domestic markets, energy companies in Europe have been actively entering newly-opened overseas markets. Various data were presented, such as domestic vs. overseas sales ratios.

Regarding technological innovation and the creation of new services in the nuclear field, the White Paper, summarizing it in column form, took up the example of small modular reactors (SMRs) developed by the U.S. venture company NuScale Power. The reactors have single outputs of only 50MWe, enabling easier cooling and improved safety. Also, each unit is manufactured at a factory erected at the site, resulting in shortened work periods and reduced costs.

Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

SNS facebooktwitter

NPPs Map

Video

Grossi on Fukushima: Marking a Decade Since the Accident

10 March, 2021
Grossi on Fukushima: Marking a Decade Since the Accident04:11

Recent News

21 October, 2021
Kishida Makes First Visit to Fukushima Since Becoming Prime Minister
15 October, 2021
LDP Adds SMR Development and Nuclear Fusion to NPP Restarts in Its Policy Manifesto
7 October, 2021
Kishida Administration Inaugurated, with New METI Minister Hagiuda Holding Press Conference on Taking Office
6 October, 2021
IAEA Holds 65th General Conference in Vienna, with Japanese Minister of State for Science and Technology Delivering Statement in the General Debate
30 September, 2021
JAEC Releases 2020 White Paper on Nuclear Energy
17 September, 2021
NRA Permits Shimane-2 under New Regulatory Standards
14 September, 2021
IAEA Deputy Director General Evrard Visits Japan in Advance of Safety Review of ALPS-treated Water
1 September, 2021
Evaluation Report Issued by IAEA’s Review Mission to Fukushima Daiichi: First Visit since 2018
24 August, 2021
METI and IAEA Agree on Further Review Missions to Fukushima Daiichi
4 August, 2021
JAEA Restarts High-Temperature Engineering Test Reactor “HTTR”
2 August, 2021
Information about Fukushima Daiichi NPS Water Treatment
28 July, 2021
METI’s Committee Shows Rough Draft of Next Strategic Energy Plan
2 July, 2021
Mihama-3 Restarted After Decade-long Hiatus: First Restart in Japan of a Reactor Operating Beyond 40 Years
28 June, 2021
Mihama-3 Restarts after Decade-long Hiatus
25 June, 2021
New Canada-Japan Partnership Supports Greater Collaboration to Meet Climate Change Objectives and Net-zero Goals
24 June, 2021
METI Issues New Green Growth Strategy Through Achieving Carbon Neutrality
16 June, 2021
ANRE Sticks to “S+3E”
16 June, 2021
Japanese Cabinet Approves Environmental White Paper 2021
16 June, 2021
LDP Parliamentary Association to Reconfirm Position on Utilization of Nuclear Power
16 June, 2021
Fukui Governor Concerned about Deletion of Reference to “Maximum Utilization” of Nuclear Power
▲TOP